How to include SimpleImputer before CountVectorizer in a scikit-learn Pipeline?

Written by- Sharif 5334 times views

This article will talk about how to include SimpleImputer before CountVectorizer in a scikit-learn Pipeline.


How to include SimpleImputer before CountVectorizer in a scikit-learn Pipeline

Solution 1:

The best solution I have found is to insert a custom transformer into the Pipeline that reshapes the output of SimpleImputer from 2D to 1D before it is passed to CountVectorizer.

Here's the complete code:

import pandas as pd

import numpy as np

df = pd.DataFrame({'text':['abc def', 'abc ghi', np.nan]})

from sklearn.impute import SimpleImputer

imp = SimpleImputer(strategy='constant')


from sklearn.feature_extraction.text import CountVectorizer

vect = CountVectorizer()


#CREATE TRANSFORMER
from sklearn.preprocessing import FunctionTransformer
one_dim = FunctionTransformer(np.reshape, kw_args={'newshape':-1})

# INCLUDE TRANSFORMER IN PIPELINE
from sklearn.pipeline import make_pipeline
pipe = make_pipeline(imp, one_dim, vect)

pipe.fit_transform(df[['text']]).toarray()

It has been proposed on GitHub that CountVectorizer should allow 2D input as long as the second dimension is 1 (meaning: a single column of data). That modification to CountVectorizer would be a great solution to this problem!


Solution 2:

One solution would be to create a class off SimpleImputer and override its transform() method:

import pandas as pd
import numpy as np
from sklearn.impute import SimpleImputer

class ModifiedSimpleImputer(SimpleImputer):  
def transform(self, X):

  return super().transform(X).flatten()


df = pd.DataFrame({'text':['abc def', 'abc ghi', np.nan]})

imp = ModifiedSimpleImputer(strategy='constant')

from sklearn.feature_extraction.text import CountVectorizer
vect = CountVectorizer()

from sklearn.pipeline import make_pipeline
pipe = make_pipeline(imp, vect)

pipe.fit_transform(df[['text']]).toarray()

Solution 3:

I use this one dimensional wrapper for sklearn Transformer when I have one dimensional data. I think, this wrapper can be used to wrap the simpleImputer for the one dimensional data (a pandas series with string values) in your case.

class OneDWrapper:
 """One dimensional wrapper for sklearn Transformers"""

    def __init__(self, transformer):
 
 self.transformer = transformer

    def fit(self, X, y=None):
 
self.transformer.fit(np.array(X).reshape(-1, 1))
       
 return self

    def transform(self, X, y=None):
  return self.transformer.transform(
 np.array(X).reshape(-1, 1)).ravel()

    def inverse_transform(self, X, y=None):
return self.transformer.inverse_transform(
 np.expand_dims(X, axis=1)).ravel()

Now, you don't need an additional step in the pipeline.

one_d_imputer = OneDWrapper(SimpleImputer(strategy='constant'))
pipe = make_pipeline(one_d_imputer, vect)
pipe.fit_transform(df['text']).toarray() 
# note we are feeding a pd.Series here!


Thank you for reading the article.




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